Counseling and community service for juvenile offenders instead of incarceration

By Christopher Zoukis King County, Washington is one of the most recent courts in the country to turn to the alternative approach of restorative justice over criminal justice when it comes to dealing with juvenile offenders with no previous criminal

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Shifting to restorative justice in Los Angeles schools

By Christopher Zoukis As the school-to-prison pipeline system continues to be under scrutiny, schools in the Los Angeles area are working to reduce this, armed with mounting evidence that harsh punishment for small offenses at an early age does not

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Goodbye zero tolerance: Program aims to cut ‘school-to-prison pipeline’

By Miranda Leitsinger, Staff Writer, NBC News BOSTON, Mass. – At Charlestown High School, where many students come from high-crime neighborhoods, an innovative program employs a surprising method to help keep teens in school and out of trouble with the

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Full Circle Restorative Justice – Part 1

By Dianne Frazee-Walker

Dianne Walker still recalls the moment she had a revelation about taking action with the criminal justice system. August 13, 2004, Walker concluded a four month ordeal dealing with a false allegation against her. Prior to the incident Walker owned and operated a nail salon in Salida, Colorado. She had no knowledge of how the justice system operates and had never been arrested.  Dianne Frazee-Walker / Image courtesy

Walker’s eyes were open to what actually happens when an individual is accused of a crime. A plea-bargain was made, Walker was sentenced to two-years probation after coming extremely close to spending time in jail. She was rushed out of the court room and that was that.

The baffling veracity of the criminal justice system became clear to Walker. The truth is not a priority nor are the victim and offender encouraged to interact with each other. The main objective is to ensure the offender is punished and pays by either probation fees or incarceration time.   

Walker was bewildered with the entire process and knew she could not merely walk away after experiencing the reality of what goes on within the justice system. In Walker’s mind, the day she gazed at the court document stating her decree, marked the beginning of a life-long quest to advocate for a more authentic way to process cases through the justice system.

Full Circle Restorative Justice was founded in 2006 for the purpose of enhancing the safety of the community by holding offenders accountable, and empowering victims through a supportive conflict resolution process.

The legal system asks: What laws have been broken? Who did it? What do they deserve?

Restorative Justice asks: Who has been hurt? What are their needs? Whose obligations are these? 

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Adult Restorative Justice

By Dianne Frazee-Walker

Restorative justice is a practice that emphasizes repairing the harm caused by crime by bringing victims, offenders, and community members together to reconcile how that will be done. Outcomes from the process can be transformational.

Dr. Howard Zehr, the pioneer of restorative justice in the United States, proclaims, “A restorative justice framework focuses on repairing the harm done to victims and the community through a process of negotiation, mediation, victim empowerment, and reparation. Within this framework, crime and delinquency present a unique opportunity to build relationships and reach an agreement through a collaborative process.”   Image courtesy

The process has been utilized with juvenile first time offenders and proven valuable for reducing the rate of reoffending. Recidivism is reduced from 30% using the conventional punitive system down to 8% using restorative practices with youthful offenders.

Restorative justice approaches to minor delinquency or criminal violations have gained popularity in the U.S. and elsewhere since the 1970s and are increasingly employed as responses to serious delinquency or adult criminal behaviors.

The restorative justice process traditionally involves victims and offenders confronting each other in a conference or also referred to as a circle. Both the victim and offender are voluntary participants. A facilitator and co-facilitator along with community members are also present.

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Second Chance for Incarcerated Youth

By Dianne Frazee-Walker

The first time Jeanette Holtham, Founder and President of The Youth Transformation Center visited a youth prison she was scared to death.  Image courtesy of

Holtham is a petite red head with a serene composure, but her aspirations are much larger.  She is no longer intimidated by rough looking teens masked with baleful tattoos, multiple piercings, and an array of trinkets hanging from every body part. Holtham knows there are incredible young people hidden behind the masquerading attire.  

Holtham is appalled at the 30-50% drop out rate of juveniles ages 12-17 in Colorado, and the 62,000 that are suspended. She is on a mission to salvage the lives of these young people.  Holtham is collaborating with Colorado school districts and the Department of Youth Corrections to make this happen.  

Holtham is one of the pioneers of a growing global phenomenon called restorative justice, which is a set of principles used to hold offenders accountable for the harm he or she has caused,  provide victims with a voice about how the criminal action has affected them, and how the damage should be repaired .

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The Effects of Restorative Justice in the Criminal Justice System

By Christopher Zoukis

Modern criminal justice systems, according to some critics, alienate victims and remove responsibility from criminal defendants. This gap undermines the justice aspect of criminal justice, and in the long term hurts victims and society. Increasingly, reform-minded advocates have supported restorative justice programs to close this gap and allow individuals to learn from their mistakes.  Image courtesy

Restorative justice programs focus on both prisoners and victims. To do this, an array of programs have been developed in cities across the country that employ various strategies to help prisoners see first-hand the impact of their crimes on others. While the methods used to do this are diverse, common themes include support groups for victims, group meetings that unite former prisoners and victims of crime and bringing together individuals serving jail time with their actual victims.

A Victim-Centered Approach

Unfortunately, victims of crime are often ignored in contemporary systems of criminal justice. They are the forgotten other half when a crime is dealt with in society. Restorative justice programs aim to give these victims a voice and an avenue to heal by allowing them to actively participate in the process. This allows victims to feel a higher sense of involvement in their communities, while helping them to recover in a more social and supportive setting.

Outcomes such as these are central reasons for support groups with other victims or joint meetings between victims and those responsible. Allowing victims to confront individuals and let them know the damage they have done is crucial to the healing process, according to proponents of restorative justice programs.

However, these types of programs are not only meant to help victims. In fact, supporters of restorative

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The Victim Offender Reconciliation Program

Mediation for victims of crimes, their families and the offenders is a large part of finding restitution for the crime and from having that crime reoccur.

The Victim Offender Reconciliation Program, based in Fresno, California, is a faith-based nonprofit organization that provides voluntary, non-fee mediation services to victims of juvenile crime and theirr offenders.

The Victim Offender Reconciliation Program began in 1982 in Fresno County and is based on the Biblical Vision of Shalom (Whole-Making Peace). The program sees this as existing when there are right-relations between fellow human beings, and between people and God.

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Insight Prison Project

Think about a new way of looking at prison rehabilitation – one that focuses on healing. This is called Restorative Justice. Current prison rehabilitation focuses on punishment, race class discrimination, and creating a non-healing environment. Restorative Justice works and focuses on healing the inmates and working on restoring losses by allowing prisoners to take responsibility for their actions and by helping victims move forward in their healing as well. 

Restorative Justice uses a different approach in trying to mend relationships through open communication with prisoners, creating dialogue between prisoners and community and helping inmates learn to become involved with community. 

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